Choosing to adopt a child is a monumental decision for any family. Parents don’t go through just an emotional process but a thoroughly complex legal one as well! Understanding the laws surrounding adoption can be overwhelming, especially when deciding to adopt a child outside Canada! One must consider both the adoption process and the steps for immigration, a feat that can be demanding but every bit worthwhile.
Here are some guidelines to consider when deciding to sponsor an adopted child to Canada:
The Eligibility of the Parents
The adoption process can only begin once the parents have determined their eligibility. There are specific requirements that the prospective parents must meet to have their adopted child successfully immigrate to Canada.
Parents must be or have:
- Residing in Canada as a citizen or a permanent resident for at least five years;
- At least 18 years old;
- No criminal record;
- Good financial standing (not facing bankruptcy);
- Paid for all child support payments;
- Ensured the end of the adopted child’s and biological parents’ relationship; and
- Abiding by all the legal procedures in the child’s home country.
Intercountry adoptions will typically take place in the adopted child’s home country. Once there, you will encounter a unique set of rules and regulations in that country to adopt a child to live abroad.
The Dependency of the Child
The adopted child must be considered a dependent of the parents (otherwise known as sponsors) in order to be successfully adopted and immigrated to Canada. This pertains to children who are under 22 years old and considered to be dependent on their parents. This also applies to those over the age of 22 but cannot support themselves independently, as well as those who are unable to support themselves financially due to mental or physical disabilities.
Sponsors must be able to prove their financial capability to adopt a dependent child, especially if they are already supporting several children.
Once both parents and the child have met all requirements, the next step would be for the child to obtain permanent residency in Canada. If the parents have met citizenship or permanent residency requirements, they may secure citizenship for their adopted child. Children over the age of 18 must also go through the adoption process with sponsors who are duly registered as citizens or permanent residents of Canada.
In addition to these requirements, the child must complete a full medical exam in order to be granted a permanent resident visa.
Rejected and Successful Applications
Ensuring the correctness and completeness of your information as guardians, as well as the child’s information, is imperative for the application to be granted. Remember that incomplete requirements may also result in the rejection of the application!
In the event that the application is rejected, parents can expect to receive a letter stating why the application was denied.
On the other hand, successful applicants will receive notice that their adopted child has been granted permanent residency in Canada. This will allow the child to work and study in Canada as well as have the rights of a Canadian citizen.
Handling both adoption and immigration to get your child to Canada involves a great deal of preparation. With all the requirements and paperwork needed to complete it, a parent can get lost in the flurry of details. Successfully fulfilling all these requirements is daunting for any parents, so it’s best to seek out legal and expert advice from trusted immigration consultants in Toronto to ensure that the whole process goes smoothly.
Bright Immigration is one of the most reliable immigration consultants in Toronto.
If you’re looking for professional help from a trusted firm, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 1-888-404-8472.