Since the Canadian government places high importance on family reunification, Canadian permanent residents and citizens are eligible to sponsor their spouses. If you are planning on sponsoring your partner, you have two categories to choose from:
- Inland spousal sponsorship: This type of sponsorship is the path to take if your spouse is currently in Canada on a valid temporary visa. The sponsorship application is also filed within the country.
- Outland spousal sponsorship: This type of sponsorship is the way to go if your partner is not currently living in Canada. You can marry your spouse in their home country, and then file the spousal sponsorship application at the Canadian visa office in that country.
Keep in mind that these two options have their advantages and disadvantages. For this reason, you must first determine which type is suitable for your situation before proceeding with your application. If you are looking to sponsor your spouse but don’t know where to start, this blog will help you understand the basics of these two types of spousal sponsorship.
What happens after filing an inland application?
In an inland spousal application, your spouse is generally allowed to remain in Canada until a decision has been made. This is because one of the requirements for this type of application is that the partners must live together in the country. If you or your partner leaves the country, there’s a possibility that your application will be rejected.
One advantage of filing an inland sponsorship application is that your spouse can apply for an open work permit while the applications are still being processed. With this permit, they can work and be employed in almost any field in Canada during this waiting period. The drawback in this type of application, however, is that you cannot appeal a refused inland sponsorship application and that your spouse will have to leave the country.
What happens after filing an outland application?
One big advantage of filing an outland sponsorship application is that your application is given higher priority compared to inland applications as part of the government’s efforts to reunite families quicker. Moreover, you can appeal a negative decision on an outland application, unlike the former.
This will be your best choice, especially if your partner is denied a visitor visa that is necessary for them to enter Canada. This option is also helpful for you if your partner can travel to Canada but cannot stay in the country while the application is being processed due to work or personal reasons. The drawback to this option is that living together with your spouse in Canada may be challenging until your application has been approved.
What is the best option for you and your partner?
You can determine the best option for you and your spouse by seeking the help of immigration advisors and consultants. They will be able to review your situation and give you sound advice on which type of application will benefit you both.
Additionally, they can assist you in filling out the forms and prepare other supporting documents so that you can present a strong case and prove the genuineness of your relationship. This is essential in a solid spousal sponsorship application in Canada.
While both of these options usually take about one year to process, they have significant differences that you must study carefully. Doing this helps you find the right application and get a higher chance of having your sponsorship application granted!