Working in a foreign country like Canada can be complex. It can involve a lot of documents and paperwork and require you to understand complicated government processes. Depending on what type of work you’re planning to get into, you might have different requirements. You might not even need a Canadian work permit in some situations. Whatever the case may be, it is important to understand how the system works.
The Types of Work Permits
There are many categories of government documents, such as visas and permits, that allow you to work in Canada. For temporary foreign workers, there are two types of Canadian work permits: open and employer-specific.
An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in your chosen field, provided that this employer or organization complies with Candian labour laws. Escort services, erotic massages, and exotic dancing are excluded from this type of permit.
On the other hand, employer-specific work allows you to work for one specific employer only.
The Express Entry system is another way for you to immigrate to and work in Canada. This applies to permanent workers who plan to settle in Canada permanently. To qualify for this program, you must be a skilled professional or tradesperson with a fair amount of work experience. You do not need a job to apply for this program, but you must register with Employment and Social Development Canada so that you can be connected to a Canadian employer.
There are also opportunities for younger adults (18 to 35 years of age) with little work experience. The International Experience Canada can give residents of other countries the opportunity to travel to and work in Canada. Other countries might restrict participation to people under 30, but generally, participants are allowed to work in any field they would like to gain work experience. This does not necessitate a job offer in Canada.
What professions require a Canadian Work Permit? What professions do not require a work permit?
People who intend to work in Canada as caregivers and agricultural workers must have a Work Permit. The same applies to those who plan to work in food processing factories.
Businesspersons and entrepreneurs do not need specialized visas if they plan to participate in business activities without being part of the labour market. If they do plan to seek employment in Canada, they will need a Work Permit. Likewise, visitation for business purposes does not necessitate a permit.
What if I want to work as a student?
No Work Permit is needed for full-time students at post-secondary institutions with part-time jobs on campus, such as library work or at a bookstore. Off-campus work less than 20 hours per week that does not risk your academic standing also does not require you to get such permits.
If you are in a co-op program or internship, you will need a work permit in addition to your study permit. The program also has to be an integral aspect of your studies, and it cannot account for more than 50% of your academic work.
If you have a spouse or common-law partner, they can apply for an open work permit. This means that they can work full-time while you’re a full-time student.
While the process of working in Canada can be difficult, understanding your options can make it easier. Whether you’re a long-time specialist in a certain field, a student looking to work part-time, or a young professional shopping around for job experience, there are plenty of options available.