You will usually come across two terms for two types of applications regarding spousal sponsorship—inland and outland sponsorship. As the names imply, inland is for partners living together in Canada, and outland is for the sponsored individuals staying out of the country. Unfortunately, many applicants, representatives, and other stakeholders tend to use these terms interchangeably and set themselves up for unwanted trouble down the road.
In this article, we will share the primary differences between inland and outland for a spousal sponsorship so that you will be well-informed.
Inland vs outland sponsorship
Before all else, let’s take a look at the major differences between the two by definition:
- Inland sponsorship: This type of sponsorship applies to a couple staying together in Canada. However, the other partner is considered a foreigner as they don’t have permanent residency status. They are only on a temporary status in the country, as workers, students, or visitors. This type of application has to be submitted to IRCC’s Case Processing Centre in Mississauga, Ontario.
- Outland sponsorship: This type of sponsorship applies to a couple where the sponsored person resides out of the country. This type of application for permanent residence has to be submitted to IRCC’s Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia.
Expounding the two terms further
Now that you know them by definition, let’s get into the specifics of inland and outland sponsorship:
- Inland sponsorship: It’s worth noting that an open work permit is allowed for the sponsored person while the inland sponsorship application remains in the process. This initiative began back in 2014, which has continued year after year as it has greatly helped many families reunite with each other. It was in July 2020 when the CIC considered making it a permanent policy.
- Outland sponsorship: It’s worth knowing that applicants residing in Canada have the option to apply for outland sponsorship. Some individuals consider taking this route due to a shorter processing time. However, the CIC has recently taken the initiative to reduce the application processing timeframe, particularly for inland sponsorship.
The spousal sponsorship process for Canadian immigration
Now, let’s go through a step-by-step process for applying for inland or outland spousal sponsorship, whether for your spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner. Follow the steps below:
- Check to see first if you and your sponsored partner will be eligible for this program.
- Access your personalized document checklist by using the CIC tool.
- Obtain and prepare all the necessary forms and supporting documents listed on your document checklist.
- Be sure to double-check everything. This is why it’s best to work with a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant in Toronto who can take a professional look at your application to increase the chances of approval.
- Submit your application for processing by emailing your forms and required paperwork to the appropriate CIC office. Once submitted, allow about 12 months before receiving the decision of your application.
At this point, you now have a better understanding of the difference between inland and outland sponsorship. Be sure to consider all the valuable information discussed above for your guide and work with an immigration consultant who can help you every step of the way. That way, your chance of sponsorship application approval will be higher, whether you’re applying for inland or outland sponsorship!
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