Québec is an eastern Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population. It is the second-most populous province of Canada, with most inhabitants living in Montreal and Québec City.
Québec is a unique Canadian province in that it administers its own immigration programs that are separate from the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). In fact, Canada’s federal government has granted Québec more autonomy in immigration procedures. All requirements are set by the Quebec Ministry of Immigration (Ministère de l’Immigration, MIDI).
Québec’s Two-Step Immigration Process
The MIDI’s candidate selection process considers those who are most likely to settle in a French-speaking province.
Quebec immigration applications are processed in two steps: selection at the provincial level and admission at the federal level. All foreign nationals must meet the requirements for both.
1. Québec Certificate of Selection (Certificat de sélection du Québec, CSQ)
The CSQ is an official document that states that the province has permanently selected the candidate. It is valid for 24 months or until the federal government decides on the permanent resident visa application.
2. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
Admission on the federal level mainly concerns issues of health and safety. The CIC applications include police certificates and completed medical exams.
Québec Immigration Programs
Foreign nationals who want to settle in Québec can apply for a CSQ through three pathways. An immigration consultant can assist in determining the best route for a candidate.
1. Québec Skilled Worker Program (QSW)
The QSW pathway is for highly educated and trained candidates to immigrate to Québec as skilled workers. Potential immigrants are given points based on the highest level of education, work experience, family connections, English and French proficiency, and other factors. Applicants that score enough points are given a CSQ and can then apply for permanent residence.
A Québec employer can provide a foreign national a job offer that the MIDI has officially validated. Holders of validated job offers can apply for a CSQ anytime and will have a more straightforward pathway to residency at the federal level.
2. Québec Experience Program (PEQ)
The PEQ pathway is for temporary foreign workers and international students with work or school experience in Québec. Qualifications include full-time employment for at least 24 months, a minimum skill level 7 in oral and written French, and completed vocational, Bachelor’s, or Master’s degrees (for international students).
3. Quebec Business Immigration
Entrepreneurs and high net worth individuals can apply under the following categories:
Self-employed – For candidates with net assets of at least $100,000 and at least two years of experience in the field they will practice in Québec.
Entrepreneur – For candidates who wish to create a business or buy an existing business in Québec (25% of a new enterprise or 51% of an acquired enterprise). A beginning investment of $300,000, a minimum guarantee deposit of $200,000, and an individual net value of $900,000 are required.
Investor – For candidates who wish to invest in Québec businesses. Minimum government investment of $1.2 million and personal net worth of at least $2 million is required.
Québec has its own immigration policies and programs distinct from the federal government of Canada. There are multiple pathways to take depending on the candidate’s background, work experience, and financial capabilities. It’s best to consult an immigration agency for a smooth and thorough process for those who wish to pursue permanent residence in Québec or other provinces in Canada.
Bright Immigration is a group of immigration consultants in Canada that are here to help you out with the immigration process. If you’re looking for professional help from a trusted firm, please contact us at email@example.com or call 1-888-404-8472.